Precision agriculture is the integration of geo-referencing and measurement technologies to agricultural production. The main objectives are to make yields more efficient and optimize inputs, promoting sustainability and improving production practices.
There are multiple tools of precision agriculture: from GPS tractors, underground sensors and drip irrigation, to: drones, multispectral sensors and satellites. These tools are mainly focused on the monitoring, analysis and improvement of crops and production techniques.
Applying precision agriculture techniques implies having knowledge about productive processes and field variables. Technology is only a tool; the agronomist must know the conditions and variables of his crops and understand technology as an additional control and efficiency tool. The constant and effective practice of these techniques can considerably efficient the management of water, nutrients, pests and energy, optimizing resources, saving money and reducing environmental impact.